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Character of Eurydice in Antigone

Eurydice is a minor character who appears in Sophocles’s play ‘Antigone’. She is the wife of king Creon, the ruler of Thebes. Her character isn’t properly focused upon, even though she is the Queen of Thebes. Eurydice represents a typical, traditional wife who follows the footsteps of her husband. She represents the conservative section of women in the ancient Greek society, where they were not given any special power in the society. Women were naturally expected to remain within the four walls of the house and take care of her family. Eurydice, being a Queen isn’t exceptional from it. She follows every order that her husband Creon imparts on her.

In the ancient society women were expected to be submissive, gentle, meek etc where they cannot question the decision of a man. Their main job is to take care of the children and the household. Eurydice does the same, inside the four walls of the palace. She supports her husband in every matter until it leads to the death of her son Haemon. Her character might not seem influential in the play, but her actions towards the climax seem to play a very important role in exposing the stubborn pride of her husband. The death of her husband completely takes a turn in her life. Her son commits suicide because of his father’s actions, which also leads to the suicide of Eurydice. The love of a mother wins over the duty of a wife during this part.

She thrusts a sword into her heart and curses her husband for the death of her son. It is very noteworthy that the woman who had always supported her husband in every matter dares to blame him before taking her life. Through her suicide, Eurydice shows her mental and physical strength that was dormant during the entire play. She proves that the relationship of a mother and son is way superior to the bond of a husband and wife. During the ending of the play, it is seen that Eurydice is able to take her own decisions without thinking about her husband Creon. There is a huge character development of Eurydice during this point.

The character of Eurydice started as a weak and submissive one, but took a turn to establish herself as a strong character in the play.

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